Integrated pest management or IPM is a pest control method that uses simple but effective and also environment-friendly methods to deal with different types of pests. As implied by its name, it is single and comprehensive pest control solution. The solution has been considered to include the following decisions, evaluations, and controls that can be put to use to manage and prevent infestations totally. IPM is applicable to agricultural and non-agricultural settings: homes, gardens, and offices.
It is known to be a general system and it’s not only a reactionary measure that had been started in response to an infestation. It can also be implemented from the very start to eliminate the chances of having an outbreak in the place.
Four Steps Involved in IPM
- IPM practitioners always come up with action thresholds. Before any action against pests is taken, they have to take into account the number of pests first before they get started on it so as not to waste any resources.
- Research is done for proper monitoring and identification of potential pests within the area to make sure that only the pests will be affected and not the residents when implementation time comes.
- The same practitioners also come up with preventive measures that are intended for such pests to be prevented from becoming a threat. These measures may include choosing plants that are pest resistant and can eliminate potential breeding grounds.
- The last step is the actual control which is often the solution if ever prevention fails in its execution. Less risky means are implemented first like physical removal of pests. When these fail the riskier methods are used such as the use of pesticides.
IPM and Organic Gardening
IPM shares many common concepts with organic gardening. They are not identical concepts however. IPM makes use of a more pragmatic approach to pest control with lesser dependence on pesticides but it doesn’t include total exclusion.
With organic gardening, the use of pesticides is totally rejected. It doesn’t matter how compelling the reasons may be to using it. Hence the approach of organic gardening is totally rejectionist in nature.